A. The Meaning of Accident
Traffic accidents are events of a collision between a motorized vehicle (two-wheeled, four-wheeled or more) and other motorized vehicles or with other objects on the road. Traffic accidents cause damage to vehicles that collide with each other. The damage caused depends on the hardness of the vehicle and the speed of the vehicle. The effects of the accident can result in injuries or even human death.
B. Accident Types
- Head-on Collision
It is a type of collision where a collision occurs between 2 vehicles in the opposite direction. This accident occurs because vehicles that want to overtake fail to return to the track or because of insufficient visibility in the corner.
- Run off Road Collision.
It is a type of collision where a collision occurs only on one vehicle that goes out of the way and collapses something, this can occur when the driver loses control or misjudges the bend, or tries to avoid collisions with other road or animal users. The concept of a free zone is a solution that is offered to overcome this problem.
- Rear-end Collision
It is a type of collision where a collision occurs from two or more vehicles where the vehicle crashes into the vehicle in front of it, usually because the vehicle in front stops suddenly.
- Side Collision
Is a type of collision which occurs between two vehicles side by side in the same direction. This collision often occurs at the Y intersection, at the parking lot or when the vehicle crashes from the side of a fixed object.
- Rollover (rolled)
Rollover is a type of collision where the vehicle is turned upside down, usually occurs in vehicles with a higher profile like a truck. Rollover accidents relate directly to vehicle stability.
C. Factors of Traffic Accident Causes
There are several factors that can cause road accidents to occur, namely: human error factors, mechanical failure factors, factors in road conditions and weather factors.
- Not Focused
Drivers who are out of focus while driving are the main causes of traffic accidents. For example, driving a telephone, text, or while eating and drinking.
When driving too fast aka speeding, the driver will find it difficult to react quickly and accurately when an emergency occurs.
- Moving Lanes
The highway has been equipped with various markers and signs to help drivers. If this is not considered, including lane shifts, then accidents are not difficult.
- Break Through The Red Lights
Even though it looks trivial, breaking through a red light will endanger not only ourselves but also other road users.
- Human Error Factor
Human factors are the most dominant factor in a traffic accident. Most accidents begin with violations of traffic signs. Violations of these traffic signs can occur due to intentionally violating the rules, ignorance or lack of awareness of the meaning of the applicable rules or not seeing the conditions imposed in driving. Not a few the number of accidents that occur on the highway due to the condition of the driver in a state of drowsiness and even drunkenness so easily provoked by the actions of other road users. Silly things like really can be anticipated.
- Mechanical Failure Factors
Vehicle factors that cause frequent accidents include broken tires, brakes that don’t function as they should (brakes don’t work), equipment that hasn’t been replaced for a long time, and various other causes. All vehicle factors that have implications for accidents are closely related to the technology used and the maintenance carried out on the vehicle.
- Road Condition Factors
Road factors as a means of traffic are related to road surface conditions, safety fences in mountainous areas, guardrails on highways, visibility, and road lighting. Roads that are damaged or even perforated are very dangerous for road users, especially those using two-wheeled vehicles, aka motorbikes.
- Factors of Weather / Natural Conditions
This factor is also included as a trigger for traffic accidents. Poor weather conditions can make visibility reduced, the braking distance is far away, the road conditions become slippery. If that’s the case, there is no other word than to raise awareness and be careful. Turn on the lights of the vehicle and do not spur the vehicle too fast. These two things are most reliable for less friendly weather conditions.
D. Ways to Prevent Accident
Here are the points that must be considered:
- Always use a safety belt when driving by car.
- Don’t forget to adjust the rear and rear view mirror. That way you will be able to monitor the surroundings clearly.
- Drive calmly and anticipate the traffic situation on the road.
- Try to stay focused and do not operate handheld devices while driving
- Maintain a safe distance of three seconds between vehicles.
- Make sure the tire pressure is in accordance with the manufacturer’s regulations.
- Do not carry excessive loads in the vehicle.